Paraguay does not have any country endemic species. However as birds do not recognise country boundaries it is more useful zoogeographically to recognise eco-region endemics, species that are endemic to a particular regional habitat type or biome. In Paraguay there are five eco-regions (combining the Low and High Chaco as a single region) each with its own endemic species (the Low Chaco does not have any endemic species but shares some with the High Chaco), lists of which are provided here below.
CERRADO ENDEMICS (da Silva 1997) 12 species

Lesser Nothura - Nothura minor
Dwarf Tinamou - Taoniscus nanus
Yellow-faced Parrot - Alipiopsitta xanthops
White-winged Nightjar - Eleothreptus  candicans
Campo Miner - Geositta poecilopterus
Planalto Foliage-gleaner - Philydor dimidiatus
Henna-capped Foliage-gleaner - Hylocryptus rectirostris
Collared Crescentchest - Melanopareia torquata
Reiserís Tyrannulet - Phyllomyias reiseri
Helmeted Manakin - Antilophia galeata
Curl-crested Jay - Cyanocorax cristatellus
Black-throated Saltator - Saltator atricollis

CHACO ENDEMICS (Clay and del Castillo 2004) 18 species

Brushland Tinamou - Nothoprocta cinerascens
Quebracho Crested-tinamou - Eudromia formosa
Spot-winged Falconet - Spiziapteryx circumcincta
Chaco Chachalaca - Ortalis canicollis
Black-legged Seriema - Chunga burmeisteri
Chaco Owl - Strix chacoensis
Black-bodied Woodpecker - Dryocopus schulzi
Cream-backed Woodpecker - Campephilus leucopogon
Scimitar-billed Woodcreeper - Drymornis bridgesii
Great Rufous Woodcreeper - Xiphocolaptes major
Chaco Earthcreeper - Anabates certhioides
Crested Hornero - Furnarius cristatus
Crested Gallito - Rhinocrypta lanceolata
Dinelliís Doradito - Pseudocolopteryx dinellianus
Cinereous Tyrant - Knipolegus striaticeps
Many-coloured Chaco-finch - Saltatricula multicolor
Black-capped Warbling-finch - Poospiza melanoleuca
Stripe-capped Sparrow - Aimophila strigiceps

PANTANAL ENDEMICS (da Silva 1997) 2 species

Blaze-winged Parakeet - Pyrrhura devillei
White-lored Spinetail - Synallaxis albilora


Marsh Seedeater - Sporophila palustris
Chestnut Seedeater - Sporophila cinnamomea
IberŠ Seedeater - Sporophila iberaensis

ATLANTIC FOREST ENDEMICS (Clay and del Castillo 2004) 76 species

Solitary Tinamou - Tinamus solitarius
Mantled Hawk - Leucopternis polionota
Black-fronted Piping-guan - Pipile jacutinga                                  
Spot-winged Wood-quail - Odontophorus capueira
Slaty-breasted Wood-rail - Aramides saracura
Purple-winged Ground-dove - Claravis godefrida
Pileated Parrot - Pionopsitta pileata
Red-spectacled Amazon - Amazona pretrei
Vinaceous-breasted Amazon - Amazona vinacea
Black-capped Screech-owl - Megascops atricapillus
Tawny-browed Owl - Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana
Rusty-barred Owl - Strix hylophila
Scale-throated Hermit - Phaethornis eurynome
Black Jacobin - Melanotrochilus fusca
Plovercrest - Stephanoxis lalandi
Violet-capped Woodnymph - Thalurania glaucopis
Surucua Trogon - Trogon surrucura
Rufous-capped Motmot - Baryphthengus ruficapillus
Buff-bellied Puffbird - Notharchus swainsoni
Spot-billed Toucanet - Selenidera maculirostris
Saffron Toucanet - Pteroglossus bailloni
Red-breasted Toucan - Ramphastos dicolorus
Ochre-collared Piculet - Picumnus temminckii
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker - Melanerpes flavifrons
White-spotted Woodpecker - Veniliornis spilogaster
Yellow-browed Woodpecker - Piculus aurulentus
Helmeted Woodpecker - Dryocopus galeatus
Robust Woodpecker - Campephilus robustus
Thrush-like Woodcreeper - Dendrocincla turdina
Scaled Woodcreeper - Lepidocolaptes squamatus
Lesser Woodcreeper - Xiphorhynchus fuscus
Black-billed Scythebill - Campylorhamphus falcularius
Canebrake Groundcreeper - Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides
Rufous-capped Spinetail - Synallaxis ruficapilla
Olive Spinetail - Cranioleuca obsoleta                          
White-browed Foliage-gleaner - Anabacerthia amaurotis
Black-capped Foliage-gleaner - Philydor atricapillum
Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner - Philydor lichtensteini
White-eyed Foliage-gleaner - Automolus leucophthalmus
Sharp-billed Treehunter - Heliobletus contaminatus
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser - Sclerurus scansor
Spot-backed Antshrike - Hypoedaleus guttatus
Large-tailed Antshrike - Mackenziaena leachii
Tufted Antshrike - Mackenziaena severa
Bertoniís Antbird - Drymophila rubricollis
Dusky-tailed Antwren - Drymophila malura
Streak-capped Antwren - Terenura maculata
White-shouldered Fire-eye - Pyriglena leucoptera
Speckle-breasted Antpitta - Hylopezus nattereri
Rufous Gnateater - Conopophaga lineata
Greenish Tyrannulet - Phyllomyias virescens
Grey-hooded Flycatcher - Mionectes rufiventris
Southern Bristle-tyrant - Pogonotriccus eximius
Sao Paulo Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes paulista
Bay-ringed Tyrannulet - Phylloscartes sylviolus
Eared Pygmy-tyrant - Myiornis auricularis
Drab-breasted Bamboo-tyrant - Hemitriccus diops
Russet-winged Spadebill - Platyrinchus leucoryphus
Shear-tailed Grey-tyrant - Muscipipra vetula
Greenish Schiffornis - Schiffornis virescens
Swallow-tailed Manakin - Chiroxiphia caudata
Azure Jay - Cyanocorax caeruleus
Red-ruffed Fruitcrow - Pyroderus scutatus
Bare-throated Bellbird - Procnias nudicollis
Creamy-bellied Gnatcatcher - Polioptila lactea
Eastern Slaty-thrush - Turdus subalaris
Rufous-crowned Greenlet - Hylophilus poicilotis
Green-headed Tanager - Tangara seledon
Chestnut-bellied Euphonia - Euphonia pectoralis
Green-chinned Euphonia - Euphonia chalybea
Ruby-crowned Tanager - Tachyphonus coronatus
Chestnut-headed Tanager - Pyrrhocoma ruficeps
Black-throated Grosbeak - Saltator fuliginosus
Blackish-blue Seedeater - Amaurospiza moesta
Buff-fronted Seedeater - Sporophila frontalis
Temminckís Seedeater - Sporophila falcirostris
Uniform Finch - Haplospiza unicolor
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