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FAUNA PARAGUAY ODONATA IMAGE GALLERY
FAUNA PARAGUAY ODONATA
The Odonata are more commonly known as Dragonflies and Damselflies. They are large, distinctive, robust and often brightly-coloured insects. Compared to other groups of insects there are comparatively few species, with some 5,600 species worldwide, of which around 1,650 occur in the Neotropics. Odonata are popular study subjects because of their interesting life cycles, charismatic appearance and large size, which makes it possible to perform more thorough inventories of species. However identification to species level has its complications. For many species groups examination of the specimen with either a hand lens or a microscope is necessary to confirm its identity, with the shape and form of the abdominal tip frequently of taxonomic importance.

A total of 153 species of Odonata are known from Paraguay, 4 species are considered endemic.
We currently have images of 43 species.
Click on the family links below for access to the species images.
The number in brackets refers to the total number of species in each family for which we have images.
Click on individual photographs for full-size images.

SUBORDER ZYGOPTERA - DAMSELFLIES
Damselflies are usually smaller and more lightly-built than dragonflies. They hold the wings parallel with the body when at rest. Note that the hind-wing and the fore-wing have the same basic shape. They tend to be weak, slow fliers. Importantly the eyes are well separated on the dumbell-shaped head. 44 species in Paraguay in 7 families.

FAMILY Coenagrionidae - Narrow-winged Damselflies (9/31)
Abdomen length usually less than 50mm. Base of wings stalked and with few cross veins. Vein RP3 and IR2 begin closer to the nodus than the arculus. Hindwing quadrangle is trapezoidal in shape. Tips of wings with a pterostigma. The following 31 species are known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2006). Two species are considered endemic EN.
Tigriagrion aurantinigrum Calvert, 1909
Argia croceipennis Selys, 1865
Argia claussenii Selys, 1865
Argia reclusa Selys, 1865
Argia albistigma Hagen in Selys, 1865
Argia mollis Selys, 1865 pars
Argia lilacina Selys, 1865
Argia iralai Calvert, 1909 EN
Telebasis carmesina Calvert, 1909
Telebasis willinki Fraser, 1948
Telebasis coccinata Calvert, 1909
Oxyagrion impunctatum Calvert, 1909
Oxyagrion chapadense Costa, 1978
Oxyagrion basale Selys, 1876
Oxyagrion rubidum (Rambur, 1842)
Oxyagrion hempeli
Calvert, 1909
Oxyagrion terminale Selys, 1876
Oxyagrion microstigma Selys, 1876
Oxyagrion machadoi Costa, 1978
Acanthagrion abunae Leonard, 1977
Acanthagrion ablutum Calvert, 1909
Acanthagrion ascendens Calvert, 1909
Acanthagrion gracile (Rambur, 1842)
Acanthagrion lancea Selys, 1876
Acanthagrion latapistylum Calvert, 1899 EN
Ischnura fluviatilis Selys, 1876
Ischnura ramburii (Selys, 1850)
Ischnura capreola (Hagen, 1861)
Homeoura nepos (Selys, 1876)
Homeoura ambigua (Ris, 1904)
Homeoura silviae (Bulla, 1971)

FAMILY Calopterygidae (3/7)
Abdomen length usually less than 50mm. Base of wings stalked and with many cross veins. Vein RP3 and IR2 begin closer to the arculus than the nodus. Hindwing quadrangle is quadrangular in shape. Tips of wings lack pterostigma or pseudostigma. The following 7 species are known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2006).
Mnesarete lencionii Garrison, 2006
Mnesarete guttifera (Selys, 1873)
Mnesarete pudica (Hagen in Selys, 1853)
Mnesarete pruinosa (Hagen in Selys, 1853)
Hetaerina rosea Selys, 1853
Hetaerina simplex Selys, 1853, pars
Hetaerina longipes Hagen in Selys, 1853


FAMILY Pseudostigmatidae - Giant Helicopter Damselflies (1/1)
Exceptionally large forest damselflies with wingspan up to 20cm and slow, fluttery flight. They lack a pterostigma, or else it is modified into a pseudostigma of several cells. Wing tips often with pale spots. A single species is known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2006).
Mecistogaster amalia (Burmeister, 1839)


FAMILY Protoneuridae
Two species are known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2006).
Peristicta aeneoviridis Calvert, 1909
Neoneura ethela Williamson, 1917

FAMILY Megapodagrionidae
A single species is known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2006).
Heteragrion aurantiacum Selys, 1862

FAMILY Lestidae
A single species is known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2006).
Lestes spatula Fraser, 1946

FAMILY Heliocharitidae
A single species is known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2006).
Heliocharis amazona Selys, 1853

SUBORDER ANISOPTERA - DRAGONFLIES
Dragonflies are usually larger and more robust than damselflies. They hold the wings open, perpendicular to the body when at rest. Note that the hind-wing broadens towards the base, whereas the fore-wing does not. They tend to be powerful, rapid fliers. Importantly the eyes are at least partially united on the spherical head. 109 species in Paraguay in three families.

FAMILY Aeshnidae - Darners
(3/19)
Compound eyes confluent and tibial carinae of males absent. Forewing triangle elongated parallel to wing axis. Second cross vein between Rp1 and RP2 not oblique. Males usually with auricles. The following 19 species are known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2008).
Anax amazili (Burmeister, 1839)
Limnetron debile (Karsch, 1891)
Rhionaeschna brevifrons (Hagen, 1861)
Rhionaeschna pauloi (Machado, 1994)
Rhionaeschna planaltica (Calvert, 1952)
Rhionaeschna bonariensis (Rambur, 1842)
Castoraeschna januaria (Hagen, 1867)
Coryphaeschna adnexa (Hagen, 1861)
Coryphaeschna viriditas Calvert, 1952
Coryphaeschna perrensi (McLachlan, 1887)
Remartinia luteipennis (Burmeister, 1839)
Gynacantha convergens Förster, 1908
Gynacantha bifida Rambur, 1842
Triacanthagyna ditzleri Williamson, 1923
Triacanthagyna satyrus (Martin, 1909)
Triacanthagyna trifida (Rambur, 1842)
Triacanthagyna nympha Navás, 1932
Triacanthagyna ditzleri Williamson, 1923
Staurophlebia reticulata (Burmeister, 1839)

FAMILY Gomphidae - Clubtail Dragonflies (4/16)
Compound eyes separated and tibial carinae of males absent. Forewing triangle elongated perpendicular to wing axis. Second cross vein between Rp1 and RP2 not oblique. Males with auricles. The following 16 species are known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2008). Two species are considered endemic EN
Zonophora calippus Selys, 1869
Zonophora diversa Belle, 1983
Progomphus aberrans Belle, 1973
Progomphus flinti Belle, 1975
Progomphus complicatus Selys, 1854
Progomphus basistictus Ris, 1911
Aphylla distinguenda (Campion, 1920)
Aphylla edentata Selys, 1869
Aphylla dentata Selys, 1859
Aphylla producta Selys, 1854
Phyllocycla viridipleuris (Calvert, 1909)
Phyllocycla propinqua Belle, 1972
Gomphoides perditus (Förster, 1914) EN
Phyllogomphoides cassiopeia (Belle, 1975) EN
Tibiagomphus uncatus (Fraser, 1947)
Epigomphus paludosus Hagen in Selys, 1954

FAMILY Libellulidae - Skimmers (23/68)
Compound eyes confluent and tibial carinae of males absent. Forewing triangle elongated perpendicular to wing axis. Second cross vein between Rp1 and RP2  oblique. Males without auricles. The following 68 species are known from Paraguay according to Heckman (2008).
Tholymis citrina Hagen, 1867
Diastatops obscura (Fabricius, 1775)
Diastatops intensa Montgomery, 1940
Zenithoptera lanei Santos, 1941
Zenithoptera viola Ris, 1910
Perithemis mooma Kirby, 1889
Perithemis electra Ris, 1930
Perithemis thais Kirby, 1889
Perithemis electra Ris, 1930
Erythemis vesiculosa (Fabricius, 1775)
Erythemis plebeja (Burmeister, 1839)
Erythemis haematogastra (Burmeister, 1839)
Erythemis peruviana (Rambur 1842)
Erythemis attala (Selys in Sagra, 1857)
Erythemis mithroides (Brauer, 1900)
Orthemis cultriformis Calvert, 1899
Orthemis aequilibris Calvert, 1909
Orthemis discolor (Burmeister, 1839)
Orthemis aequilibris Calvert, 1909
Libellula herculea Karsch, 1889
Nephepeltia aequisetis Calvert, 1909
Nephepeltia flavifrons (Karsch, 1889)
Micrathyria tibialis Kirby, 1897
Micrathyria pseudeximia Westfall, 1992
Micrathyria spuria (Selys, 1900)
Micrathyria longifasciata Calvert, 1909
Micrathyria hypodidyma Calvert, 1906
Micrathyria pseudhypodidyma Costa, Lourenço, and Viera, 2002
Erythrodiplax umbrata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Erythrodiplax castanea (Burmeister, 1839)
Erythrodiplax maculosa (Hagen, 1861)
Erythrodiplax unimaculata (De Geer, 1773)
Erythrodiplax ochracea (Burmeister, 1839)
Erythrodiplax nigricans (Rambur 1842)
Erythrodiplax hyalina Förster, 1907
Erythrodiplax avittata Borror, 1942
Erythrodiplax atroterminata Ris, 1911
Erythrodiplax media Borror, 1942
Erythrodiplax fusca (Rambur, 1842)
Erythrodiplax melanorubra Borror, 1942
Erythrodiplax basalis (Kirby, 1897)
Erythrodiplax paraguayensis (Förster, 1904)
Erythrodiplax connata (Burmeister, 1839)
Oligoclada pachystigma Karsch, 1890
Dasythemis mincki (Karsch, 1890)
Dasythemis venosa (Burmeister, 1839)
Anatya normalis Calvert, 1999
Brachymesia furcata (Hagen, 1861)
Brachymesia herbida (Gundlach, 1889)
Miathyria marcella (Selys in Sagra, 1857)
Idiataphe longipes (Hagen, 1861)
Brechmorhoga nubecula (Rambur, 1842)
Gynothemis heteronycha (Calvert, 1909)
Macrothemis lauriana Ris, 1913
Macrothemis tessellata (Burmeister, 1839)
Macrothemis musiva Calvert, 1898
Macrothemis declivata Calvert, 1909
Macrothemis imitans Karsch, 1890
Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798)
Tramea cophysa Hagen, 1867
Tramea rustica DeMarmels and Rácinis, 1982
Tramea abdominalis (Rambur, 1842)
Tramea binotata (Rambur, 1842)
Tauriphila argo (Hagen, 1869)
Tauriphila xiphea Ris, 1913
Tauriphila risi Martin, 1896
Tauriphila australis (Hagen, 1867)
Elasmothemis constricta (Calvert, 1898)

REFERENCES
Heckman CW 2006 - Encyclopedia of South American Aquatic Insects Odonata: Zygoptera - Springer Scientific Press.
Heckman CW 2008 - Encyclopedia of South American Aquatic Insects Odonata: Anisoptera - Springer Scientific Press.
Thanks to Natalia Ellenrieder for her help in identifying the Odonata images on the site!
Designed by Paul Smith 2006. This website is copyrighted by law. Material contained herewith may not be used without the prior written permission of FAUNA Paraguay. Photographs on this web-site were taken by Paul Smith, Hemme Batjes, Regis Nossent,
Alberto Esquivel, Arne Lesterhuis, Rebbeca Zarza, José Luis Cartes and Hugo del Castillo and are used with their permission.
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